Etymologically, the word diaspora, meaning dispersal, stems from the Greek sporo (seed), and speira (to spree).Originally, it was used in the Antique tradition to refer to the “dispersion of Hellenic establishments around the Mediterranean Sea”[ii].
Today, Diasporas can be defined as “national migrant communities living in interaction among themselves and with their country of origin”[iii].The notion of diaspora must be distinguished with other phenomenon of migration, as the importance of the ties between members of the Diasporas and their country of origin is prevalent.Over the past three decades autumn has become synonymous with the showcasing and promotion of exhibitions and events pertaining to the longevity and cultural contributions of BAME diaspora communities in the UK with histories, interdependencies and ancestral heritage linked to continental Africa, the Caribbean region, and the wider Global South.Since the earliest inception of BHM during the late 1980s, a number of national and local authority museums, archives and libraries have played a pivotal role foregrounding October as Britain’s preeminent month (but, importantly, not the only time of year) for shining a still much needed bright and positive spotlight on Britain’s diverse and long-established communities of colour, and the momentous aesthetic, cultural, socio-political, legislative and economic legacies that African and Caribbean diaspora peoples have contributed over many decades and, indeed, several centuries of settlement in the provinces and regions of Great Britain.“When once were dispersions, there now is Diaspora”[i].
As illustrated by this quote, the notion of Diaspora underlines the specificity of some migration phenomenon, thereby contributing to make sense out of certain transnational movements."The first wave of forced African migrations began during the Transatlantic Slave Trade (16th-19th century).Europeans captured or bought African slaves, mostly from West Africa, and brought them to Europe, and later on to South and North America.The BCA’s Runnymede Collection is one of the nation’s most significant research resources on race relations in the UK, spanning the period from 1968 to the present day. British Library – the nation’s largest research library and document repository that provides an extensive “What’s On” guide about important public events and research holdings addressing aspects of Black British history.The ground-breaking autobiography of formerly enslaved 18th century African abolitionist Olaudah Equiano –‘The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African’ (London, c.The nature of these ties is diverse: they can be political, economic, cultural as well as social and academic.